Our built-in summative assessment analysis options for Secondaries

There's a whole host of analysis you can do using Arbor’s assessment analysis pages in Students > Assessment > Summative Tracking > Analysis. We offer a wide range of options to group and present assessment data you've input that you can use to explore attainment and progress in individual and combined subjects for pupils, year groups, demographic groups and the whole school.

Watch the video, and click the + symbols to see how you can use each page!

On all of the pages, you can:

  • Use the filters to select past assessment periods or reporting dates
  • Select specific student groups or classes to focus your analysis on
  • Click on data points to take further actions such as adding struggling students into an intervention group

Analysing Assessment Attainment Over Time

Attainment over Time allows you to see the percentage of students currently working at a specific grade for one assessment. You can view the distribution for each assessment period (e.g. termly) and compare the spread of grades for different year groups.

Setting your filters

In the filters, you can select the student group, assessment and which grade set to use. The Students in field and Grade Set will usually populate with the correct values once you select the assessment, or you can change this to show the display grade set instead.

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Choose whether to display total numbers and percentages or student names. Simply click the filters at the top of the page, and tick or untick the Display student names box. You can also select to display baselines using the filters.

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The chart view

Use the Chart view to see a visual representation of student data.

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Drill down further in the chart by clicking a grade in the distribution. In the slide over, you can add students to an intervention or complete other actions.

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By clicking the View student groups button, you can see grades grouped by demographic. You can also choose to display this in the filters.

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The table view

The table provides a breakdown of the students at each grade for each assessment period if you select Display student names? in the filters.

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Red denotes working below target, white is at target and green is above target.

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If you don't tick this box, the table will show what percentage of the students are working at each grade for each assessment period.

You can choose to group students by demographic, in order to compare grades. For example, comparing girls to boys and identifying that boys require more support in this subject. This means the table will display a breakdown of what grades have been achieved for each group of students over time.

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See which students make up a group achieving a certain grade by clicking on the box.

A slide over will appear, listing the students in that group. You can then take additional actions such as adding the students to an intervention by ticking the boxes next to their names and clicking the blue pencil icon.

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Click the student name to navigate to Assessment section of their Student Profile.

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Use this page for: How well students are doing in the subject

Track a single subject for any group of pupils, term by term, as a graph or a table displaying statistics or pupil names. Areas of concern can be quickly identified:

  • individual pupils who may need support, 
  • teachers who may need further training to address specific areas of subject knowledge 
  • whole school issues

For example, you could use this page to check students are progressing through the grades. Here you can see some students achieved a lower grade in Spring than Autumn. 

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If you click each group you can see which students make up this part of the distribution. In this example, you can compare Autumn grades to Spring grades and you can see Beth has slipped backwards to a grade 1.

Now you know there are students who are not making progress you can take further actions. You can add them to an intervention straight from this page, or have a conversation with the teacher to see how these students can be better supported.

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See where students are working against their Attainment Expectations

The Attainment Expectation pages allow schools to see the percentage of children who are below, at or above their attainment expectations e.g. their end of year target at a certain point in time or across multiple assessment periods. Please note: You must have set targets for this page to work.

Attainment Expectations

Clicking into the filter bar lets you select the assessments to display and how to group your students.

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In the example below, I have chosen to see an assessment by demographic.

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See what percentage of your students are working below, at or above their targets for all assessments selected in the Overview section of the table. Just scroll to the right of the table.

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You can see what percentage of students and how many students (in brackets next to the percentage) are working above, at and below their targets for each assessment period.

When an assessment with strands is selected, the weighted average for the student's grade is used.

When you hover your mouse pointer above any of the data points, a tooltip will pop up with information relating to the cohort, assessment and number/percentage of students.

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You can click to access more information. Click the student name to navigate to Assessment section of their Student Profile.

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Attainment Expectations over Time

On the Over Time page you can see where students are working (below, at or above) in relation to their targets e.g. their end of year target, over time in a graphical format. This will pick up any students who meet the rule in all selected assessments.

Clicking into the filter bar lets you select the assessments to display and how to group your students.

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In the example, I have chosen to see the assessment by class. I can see that one class is doing consistently worse compared to the other.

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Hover over a point to get more information.

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You can also complete bulk actions such as adding students straight to an intervention group by clicking the dot and selecting the students.

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Use this page for: Gaps in your Assessment Attainment

See the GAP between your key demographics and their inverse, then take action to decrease this gap. Just click into the filters at the top of the page, and select Demographic vs Inverse vs Gap in the Group By field, then click Save Changes.

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You can then see the gap between these demographics and their inverse:

  • Gender Gap
  • Compulsory School Age (5 - 15) Gap
  • EAL Gap
  • Gifted Gap
  • Gifted + Talented Gap
  • Mobile (Y5 & Y6) Gap
  • Out Of Age Group Cohort Gap
  • SEN Gap
  • Talented Gap
  • Disadvantaged Gap
  • Ever 6 FSM Gap
  • FSM Gap
  • Pupil Premium Gap
  • Looked After (In Care) Gap

Here's what the numbers mean:

  • Any fields showing 0% means no students in that demographic group are working at that Attainment Expectation.
  • Any fields showing N/A means that there are no students in that demographic group for the assessments selected.
  • A positive gap means that a higher percentage of the demographic is achieving this Attainment Expectation, whereas a negative Gap means that a higher percentage of the inverse demographic is achieving this Attainment Expectation.

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In the example highlighted above, you can see the difference in percentage between the Disadvantaged and Not Disadvantaged students. You can see that 100% of Disadvantaged students are working below their target, but only 37.5% of Not Disadvantaged students are working below their target. This means there is a large disadvantaged Gap.

You would want all your demographics to have the same spread of data, with your Disadvantaged students working on average at the same level as your Not Disadvantaged students. If they're not, you may want to provide extra support for these disadvantaged students in the form of interventions.

Just click the group of students to take further action.

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Use this page for: % pupils at/above a pass in one or multiple assessments 

Select one or multiple assessments in the filters. You can also choose in the filters to display data by Year Group and demographics (such as Pupil Premium) or individual student.

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Then scroll to the right to see the combined figures, for example students in Triple Science Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

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Select a group of students to see their grades and take further action.

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Use this page for: How well student groups are doing in the subject

The Attainment Expectations page can be used to display a range of comparative groups for one or more subject areas. In this example, 50% of EAL students are working below their target.

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Analysing Grade Distributions of my Assessments (including Strands)

The grade distribution tool in Students > Assessments > Summative Tracking > Analysis > Grade Distribution lets you view the spread of student grades for Summative, Ad Hoc and Standardised Assessments.

First displaying a summary for each assessment period, you can then dig down into each strand of an assessment (for a summative assessment with strands). You can then perform actions for groups of students you have identified, such as emailing or adding to an intervention etc. This is a really useful page for comparisons across classes and across different assessments for the same assessment period.

Using the Grade distribution chart view

The filters at the top of the page allow you to choose which students and assessments to display. You can select multiple assessments to compare grade distributions and show baselines.

The Students in field and Grade Set will usually populate with the correct values once you select the assessment, or you can change this to show the display grade set instead.

Click Save Changes to view the distributions.

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As with other Arbor assessment analysis tools, you can identify groups of students based on the information in the chart. To do this, click the group you would like to analyse.

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In the slide over, you will see a list of the students achieving this grade. Select one or more students using the checkbox column to the left of the table and perform a number of actions.

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Using the table view

By clicking on the Table View tab, you can view a table of your statistics.

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Using the filters you can choose to display student names in the table view so you can easily see which student is in each group.

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Using the grade distribution tool with strands

The screenshot below shows the academic year view of a summative assessment with five strands.

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By default, the chart will display the distribution of grades for your selected assessment by assessment period.

If the summative assessment has strands, you can click on an assessment period in the chart (Indicated with the orange 3 in the screenshot above) and drill down to see the grade distribution by strand in a given assessment period. The screenshot below shows the grade distribution by strand for the ‘Spring 2’ assessment period.

This chart title will always display which assessment periods have been included in a chart. This is especially useful if you want to see the grade distribution by strand and need a reminder of which assessment period you are viewing.

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Each bar in the chart represents the grades for a given assessment period. For summative assessments with strands, you can click the bar to see the grade distribution by strand.

This additional filter layer enables you to focus on a particular grade/mark when viewing a grade distribution chart. It is most useful when analysing a summative assessment that contains a wide range of grades/marks. Just click the grade to analyse the chart further.

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Use this page for: How well students are doing in the subject

The Grade Distribution page will show multiple subjects for chosen pupil groups. This is particularly useful for discussions with teachers about attainment and progress across subject areas. 

Leaders with non-subject specific responsibilities can filter to show e.g. SEN pupils only or those who are SEN and Looked After Pupils.

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Use this page for: Individual pupils not achieving a pass

For example, you might want to look at all pupils not working at a 4. You can easily identify which students fall below this standard and click the student group to take further action.

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You can add them to an intervention straight from this page, or have a conversation with the teacher to see if more lessons developing this area could be taught.

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Using the Transition Matrix

You can find our Transition Matrix by going to Students > Assessments > Summative Tracking > Analysis > Transition Matrix. Our Transition Matrix allows you to compare:

  • Student's starting points in an assessment to their current grades
  • Student's starting points in one assessment to their current grades in another assessment
  • Student's starting points in two different assessments
  • Student's current grades in two different assessments
How to use the Transition Matrix

You can choose the assessment you would like to appear on each axis including the assessment period you would like to view the assessment for by clicking the filters at the top of the page.

You can view DfE standardised (e.g. the Year 6 SATS Level), summative or ad hoc assessments.

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Choose whether to display total numbers and percentages or student names. Simply tick or untick the Display student names box.

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You can find out more information on the groups of students that make up each statistic by clicking on the box. A slide over will appear, listing the students in that group. You can then take additional actions such as adding the students to an intervention by ticking the boxes next to their names and clicking the blue pencil icon.

Click the student name to navigate to Assessment section of their Student Profile.

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Use this page for: Comparing KS2 grades to current grades

You can use the Transition Matrix to compare what students are currently achieving with their KS2 SATs result to see if they have they made the amount of progress you expected. You can then see the percentage and number of students with each mark combination.

Add the DfE standardised assessments (e.g. the Year 6 SATS Level) to one axis, and the current assessment to the other axis. In this example, you can see one student is performing well below the expected level compared to their peers.

You can click onto this student to take further action, such as adding them to an intervention or navigate to Assessment section of their Student Profile.

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Use this page for: Checking student progress

For example, I want to make sure all my Maths students have made a good amount of progress this year from their autumn to their summer assessment. In this example, one student has made fantastic progress, and one student has really fell behind.

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I can click into a group to identify the students and take further actions. I can ask their teachers if they know of any reasons why they might not have made progress, or I can email Isaac's guardians directly to ask if there was a reason why they might be struggling right from this page.

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Use this page for: Comparing attainment in two subjects

I'd also like to check whether my English Literature class is achieving about the same grades as my English Language class. I'm going to select the two assessments in the filters and set the assessment periods as the same.

In this example, I might want to see if we can congratulate Layla for their good work in English Language, and offer additional support in Literature to boost their achievement across all subjects.

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Analysing Assessments using the Statistics page

The Statistics page shows a table of students' average grades including average baseline, average working at grade and average target. It can also be used to find the distance between their grade and their targets, and the percentage of students working below, at or above their targets.

Comparing student groups

Use the filters at the top of the page to select the student groups to compare or choose which attainment expectations to show. Choose your Date, student group, Grade set, Level type and which assessments to analyse. The Students in field and Grade Set will usually populate with the correct values once you select the assessment, or you can change this to show the display grade set instead.

Then you can choose to group students by different demographics or group and choose the columns to display.

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The table can be exported in PDF or Excel format by clicking the Download button.

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Use this page for: Groups of students' distance from the target

A range of comparative groups can be displayed to show attainment and progress on one chart. As with all tables, you can click the headers to sort students by most or least progress.

If you are using a flat scale:

  • Students who make 0 points of progress are working at the expected level.
  • If their progress from baseline is positive, they have achieved a higher level than their target. 
  • If their progress from baseline is negative, they have not remained on target. The number refers to how far they are from their target.

If you are using a rising scale:

  • Students who make 0 points of progress have remained at their current grade.
  • If their progress from baseline is positive, they have improved their grade. 
  • If their progress from baseline is negative, their grade is lower than the baseline.

In this flat-scale example, you can see that students who are FSM have made less than the expected level of progress, and are 0.8 points away from their target on average.

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